Alonso Cano (* March 19, 1601 in Granada; October 3, 1667 there) was a Spanish painter, sculptor and architect who is considered the founder of the "Escuela granadina de pintura", the Granadine painting.
Cano was a pupil of Juan Martínez Montañés in his father's architecture, sculpture and painting, and Francisco Pacheco del Río's painting. He had already achieved excellence in these three subjects at the age of 24, when, following a duel, he left Granada for Madrid, where he was appointed supervisor of all the royal buildings and court painter to King Philip IV.
When he was suspected during an investigation into the murder of his wife, he fled to Valencia to a Carthusian monastery and entered the spiritual world there. Soon tired of loneliness, he returned to Madrid and voluntarily faced the court with the proud consolation: "Excellens in arte non debet mori".
He was subjected to torture, but out of respect for his talent the right arm was excluded; but all tortures could not extort a confession from him. When the king heard of this, he gave the artist his mercy again and appointed him Racionero (spiritual resident) of Granada. Here Cano founded a school of painting and lived in exemplary piety.
Although Cano had never been to Italy, he had formed himself according to ancient patterns. In his paintings, he shows a strict style, which, however, does not lack grace and grace. Most of his religious paintings are in Seville; there are also several in the Museo del Prado in Madrid and in the Berlin Gallery.