Bernardo Cavallino (* 1616 in Naples; 1656, ibid.) was a Neapolitan baroque painter.
Little is known about his education. He was influenced by local painters such as Massimo Stanzione, whose pupil he possibly was, and Andrea Vaccano and by Caravaggio, also by Artemisia Gentileschi and other Neapolitan caravaggists, but also by many other painters from whom he took inspiration (Peter Paul Rubens, Anthonis van Dyck and others).
He painted mostly biblical, mythological or historical subjects in a small format, with a realistic representation of the characters, even if he had a tendency to depict them drawn out.
About 80 of his paintings are known or attributed to him, but only about ten are actually signed by him. Only one painting is dated, Saint Cecilia in the National Gallery in the Palazzo di Capodimonte in Naples (1645). This is probably due to the fact that Cavallino worked mainly for private clients. One of his main works is the "Virgin Mary" in the Brera Picture Gallery in Milan. He died in 1656 from the plague that broke out in Naples that year.