Claude Gillot (* 28. April 1673 in Langres; 4. May 1722 in Paris) was a French painter.
Claude Gillot was born in Langres in 1673 as the son of a interior decorator. He completed his education in Paris with a history painter. After his death he first worked as a freelance decorative painter. He painted screens, designed stage sets and costumes, decorated weapons and harpsichord covers. In between he made satirical copper engravings on the current financial scandal. He was admitted to the academy with a crucifixion scene. He figured as "Peintre des sujets modernes". Claude Gillot became one of the founders of French rococo through his work and his painting lessons. He was the teacher of Antoine Watteau and Nicolas Lancret. Gillot preferred to create small paintings, engravings and etchings.