Giuseppe

Castiglione

Artistic period 1851 to 1900

Nationality

Italian

Birth

1829 (Napoli)

Death

1908 (Paris)

Biography

Giuseppe Castiglione SJ (Chinese ??? ???, Pinyin Láng Shìníng; * (baptized) on July 19, 1688 in Milan; † July 17, 1766 in Beijing, China), was an Italian Jesuit and painter in China. He was active for over 50 years under three emperors of the Qing Dynasty - Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong - as court painter and architect.

Castiglione is regarded as the founder of the Qing court style in Chinese painting, in which elements of European and Chinese painting were fused into an independent style.