Salomon de Bray (* 1597 in Amsterdam; 11 May 1664 in Haarlem) was a Dutch painter, draughtsman, architect, town planner and poet.
Salomon was the son of Simon de Bray, who came from Aelst in the Catholic South Netherlands to the province of Holland.
From 1617 until his death he lived in Haarlem, where he learned the craft of painting from Hendrik Goltzius and Cornelis van Haarlem. He was versatile, painted historical scenes, portraits and landscapes, and took part in the decoration of the royal residence of Huis ten Bosch in The Hague. After 1640 he was influenced by Rembrandt.
Salomon de Bray was chairman of the Haarlem Lukasgilde. In 1631, he produced a new statute for the guild, but it was never ratified.
As an architect he worked on the extension of the town hall and the Annenkirche in Haarlem as well as the orphanage in Nijmegen.
In 1625 he married Anna Westerbaen, with whom he had ten children. Anna died in Haarlem in 1663, probably during the plague epidemic.
In 1631 he published the book Architectura Moderna, dedicated to the works of the architect Hendrick de Keyser, with many graphics and commentaries. In the treatise on architecture Bedenckingen over het uytleggen en vergrooten of the city of Haarlem, published in 1661, he discussed his opinion on the future development of Haarlem. Salomon de Bray also issued a collection of love poetry. He also designed silver objects.
During the plague of 1664 he lost two of his daughters and two sons, including Joseph. Three of his sons were also painters (Jan, Joseph de Bray, Dirck), the most gifted was Jan de Bray.