Sandro Botticelli (* 1. March 1445 in Florence; buried: 17. May 1510 ebenda; also Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi or Sandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi, gen. Botticelli) was one of the most important Italian painters and draughtsmen of the early Renaissance.
In the spirit of the early Renaissance and Humanism, Botticelli, influenced by Filippo Lippi, Masaccio and Antonio Pollaiuolo, painted devotional pictures, altarpieces, as well as pictures from the subject area of Greek mythology and contemporary allegories. Of outstanding importance is his portrait art, which has lastingly shaped the image of the Medici and their partisans. His late work had emotional expressive traits with reference to the Gothic period.
Some elements of his painting were later taken up again by the Pre-Raphaelites in the 19th century. Art Nouveau also borrowed from him in line and ornament.